Correct Leather Identification & Assessment
All Types of Leather Undertaken
Full Deep Cleaning & Conditioning
Leather Repairs Carried Out
Full or Part Colour Restoration
Leather Repair Southampton
TEL: 02380 393120 / 07908 152038
Leather Repair Southampton
LEATHER TYPE - GUIDE know your
leather


SOME OF THE MOST FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS ARE:

"How do I clean my leather ...?"

Or

"How can I remove a specific stain from my leather suite, hand
bag, coat etc.?"

This is always a very difficult one to answer as there are many different
types of leather, finishes, and dyes - all of which need different
treatments.
Before undertaking any cleaning or remedies it is essential to identify the
type of leather involved.

The following may assist you in this task.
Identify the type of leather
LEATHER TYPES - GUIDE
PIGMENTED (P)
This leather is plain in colour with a smooth or dimpled skin surface. Most of the damage that occurs on this type of leather is usually
superficial to the coloured coating which then exposes the leather. You will find this type of leather in car leather interiors and most high
street furniture stores.

The leather may be buffed (corrected) to reduce heavy natural scarring and blemishes in the hides. It is then coloured with a coating
containing opaque pigments and embossed with a grain pattern to ensure a uniformity of colour and resistance to fading.


CHESTERFIELD / OR MODERN TWO-TONE LEATHER
FULLY REPAIRABLE BUT REQUIRES MORE SKILL - Application of 2 colours may be necessary.

CHESTERFIELD - The colour on this leather surface is created by applying 2 colours which imitate a unique 'worn' appearance on
traditional chesterfield type leather. Colour loss over larger areas will require Restoration.

TWO TONE - On more modern leather suites this gives a slight mottled or darker printed effect over the whole surface. The colours on these
types of leathers tend to wear off leaving a lighter brighter colour on the surface. Colour loss over larger areas will require the services of a
professional leather technician.


FULL ANILINE/SAUVAGE (A)
The most attractive and natural leathers which are prized for their soft natural feel. These are leathers which have been aniline dyed in a
vat process with no colour coating added to the surface. They are the most expensive leathers to produce because only the very best
selection of hides can be used to produce full aniline leathers.

Full aniline dyed leathers are more susceptible to absorbing liquids because of the natural porosity of the hide. Because they do not have a
top coating the leather breathes more easily and is cooler to sit on.


SEMI-ANILINE (A)
Semi-Aniline dyed leathers have been both dyed through and have a thin finishing layer on the surface. They offer a combination of the
softness and feel of full aniline leather with the protective benefits of a surface finish. By dyeing the leather through before the final thin top
coating is applied, a very even colouration is achieved with only a thin layer of finish. Thus the leather remains softer because it is not
necessary to apply a thick top coating.


PULL UP ANILINE (A)
This is a type of aniline leather (described above) that has an extra top treatment of oil and/or wax effects. These Pull Up leathers are
designed to become "distressed" looking through time and use. Its properties are similar to full aniline but in places of heavy use, the oils
will be pushed away leaving lighter areas - particularly on the seating areas. It will also scratch easily. We use a special product designed to
restore the look and feel of Pull Up leathers.


NUBUCK(N): also called - CHAPS, STONEWASHED OR SUEDE.
These are actually aniline leathers where the surface has been brushed, and have created a texture similar to velvet on leather. Many
people confuse these with suede leather. Suede is the flesh side of a piece of leather, and nubuck is an effect that is done to the grain side.
This brushing actually breaks the surface and opens up the leather even more making it incredibly soft. The brushing also makes the
leather even more absorbent than aniline leathers.


BYCAST LEATHERS - (B): also called - COATED LEATHER.
This is a new development in using split leather. It is produced from the lower split by first melting a type of glue on the surface, then
rolling on a film of coloured polyurethane.

It normally is produced in darker colours and when stretched it lightens. It also scratches quite easily. This type of leather is now coming
on to the furniture market but has been used for handbags and belts for some time.
This product varies in quality. 

Once we have ascertained the type of leather involved we can take the next step of trying to find a solution to your
particular problem whatever that might be. And find the best product for the job.
Leather Repair Southampton
TEL: 02380 393120/ 07908 152038